Seizures are a symptom of epilepsy. Seizures happen when the electrical system of the brain malfunctions. Instead of discharging electrical energy in a controlled manner, during a seizure a strong surge of electrical activity affects part or all of the brain. One in 10 adults will have a seizure sometime during their life.
Seizures can last from a few seconds to a few minutes. They can have many symptoms, from convulsions and loss of consciousness to some that are not always recognized as seizures by the person experiencing them or by health care professionals: blank staring, lip smacking, or jerking movements of arms and legs.
Having a single seizure does not necessarily mean a person has epilepsy. High fever, severe head injury, lack of oxygen are a number of factors that can affect the brain enough to cause a single seizure. Epilepsy, on the other hand, is an underlying condition (or permanent brain injury) that affects the delicate systems which govern how electrical energy behaves in the brain, making it susceptible to recurring seizures.
Most of the information provided here is from the Epilepsy Foundation. November is National Epilepsy Awareness Month. The Epilepsy Foundation is launching a nationwide campaign to make 1 million Americans seizure smart this November. We need you to help us spread the word! The campaign is called “Get Seizure Smart.” More information can be found at http://www.epilepsyfoundation.org/neam/ Take the quiz and see how much you know about epilepsy.